This article extends the literature on the role of human resources in global
competitiveness by focusing on the ability of transnational firms to create a
sustainable competitive advantage through the strategic management of their
work force. We focus on the ability of managers to strategically draw from
multiple human resource labor pools, creating a competitive advantage for
transnational firms vis-a-vis domestic and multinational firms. A model, which
extends the resource-based view of the firm, is developed.
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